Herculaneum is situated near the coast at the foot of Vesuvius, it was once a flourishing seaside resort which was buried together with Pompeii in the dreadful cataclysm of 79 A.D. Most of the town’s population was submerged by huge avalanches of volcanic mud, which later hardened into the tufa-type rock that preserved much of the town.

The great variety and beauty of the buildings that have
been uncovered, the preservation of the upper floors, the work of consolidation and
restoration, and the uncovering of whole streets and lane enable the visitars to
rediscover the pulse of daily life in a city of a Roman world in the 1st century A.D.